What You Need To know About Perianal Cellulitis

perianal cellulitis

Cellulitis infection is an inflammation of the skin dominated by redness, swelling, warmth and pain. It’s among the most common infections detected by medical experts. Cellulitis infection that tends to attack around one’s anal orifice is known as perianal cellulitis.

This infection cuts across all ages with regards to the people it can affect. However, this type of medical skin condition is more common in girls and boys.


Signs And Symptoms

Perianal cellulitis is usually characterized by bright red-skin around the anus. Other signs and symptoms of this medical condition include irritation around the anus, painful bowel movements, tenderness and blood in the stools. Unlike other kinds of cellulitis, people suffering from perianal cellulitis do not experience fatigue, body aches or fever.

However, some people might feel a sore throat before experiencing the signs of perianal cellulitis.


Common Causes

Inflammation in the perianal area related to this infection is usually induced by numerous types of bacteria. The most common cause of this condition is the group A-streptococcus bacteria. This bacterium is more common in the throat and skin of the human organic structure.

Another bacterium which leads to cellulitis is known as staphylococcus aureus bacteria. Even with these causes, some medical experts are unable to explain why one person would get this infection and another one won’t.


Risk Factors

Human skin tissues are basically protected from infection or inflammation in the normal body conditions. However, if you have sore, cuts, burns, insect bites, blisters, surgical wound or any other opening in the skin, multiple kinds of bacteria would gain access to the skin and then begin to spread to much deeper tissues, which might sometimes cause infection.

Other risk factors that can lead to perianal cellulitis infection include dialysis, atopic dermatitis, comorbid conditions, overcrowded living conditions, malnutrition, day care attendance, abrasions, hot humid weather or poor hygiene.



When there are potential signs of perianal cellulitis, a doctor would start diagnosis by reviewing and asking a couple of questions about the patient’s medical history. The next step would be carrying out a physical examination of the patient and blood tests. In certain cases, the skin condition might appear just like for other medical conditions, making it quite hard to diagnose.

Other conditions that might give symptoms that bear close resemblance to the ones detected in this condition include child abuse, pinworm contagion, inflammatory bowel disease (also known as IBD), yeast infections or psoriasis. Before making any perianal cellulitis diagnosis, the medical doctor would have to take these circumstances into account.



Definitely, the best treatment approach of perianal cellulitis is to target the affected part and any other potential conditions that would increase the chances of recurrence. Most doctors would prescribe antibiotics for treatment of the infection which could be taken topically or orally. Topical antibiotics can offer fast relief from painful symptoms.



Medical studies indicate that up to 40 percent of people who get perianal cellulitis treatments would most likely have a recurrence. As a result, doctors might prescribe antibiotics for even up to 11/2 years for people under treatment.

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